Coyote Incisor Marks
We found this coyote sign in the Beaver Valley. It shows a deer’s scapula with two holes created by coyote incisors:
Around my place, we have a pair of melanistic coyotes (basically a mottled black and brown coyote). The best way to understand the meaning of melanistic is to think of the black version of the grey squirrel. My understanding is that melanistic coyotes are black versions of the Eastern Coyote. The following story will tell you a little bit more about them…
I woke up at 3:00 am on June 1st (2014) to the strong smell of skunk wafting in through the open window. I could hear my dog barking like crazy and my first thought was that he had been sprayed by this same skunk. I got up and walked over to the window where I could see Basil (my dog) under the outdoor light. He was facing North, barking into the row of spruce trees across the lawn. Suddenly I saw something bounce out from the dark edge beyond where the light could reach. It moved into the light, approximately 8 feet away from my favourite border collie, who was fortunately tied to his dog house. It was a black coyote! It had long, skinny legs and a lanky build. I watched it grab something dark that was laying on the ground near Basil, move the object a little bit (closer to Basil)? and then turn around and bounce/gallop quickly back towards the dark lawn. The coyote did this about 4 times (that I saw) before it decided to take the small, dark object and run off across the lawn and through the tree line. My dog was obviously pulling on his chain everytime this happened, lunging towards the black coyote – seemingly providing immense “glee” for the coyote. I have never seen that kind of interaction before. My impression was that the coyote was playing with Basil which was very intriguing to say the least. We have previously found voles around Basil’s doghouse and we have wondered how he managed to catch voles while being tied to his doghouse during the night. I believe that the coyote’s “toy” was a vole and I wonder if they sometimes leave a vole for Basil as a “prize” for his participation in coyote entertainment.
P.S. I would love to hear other stories about this if anyone else has seen something similar. The coyote was a little bit taller than Basil but not by much so I don’t think that it was a predator prey interaction (which is what most internet sites say). My sense is that it was purely a “fun” interaction. Once again, I have been awestruck by an animal and how similar we all are.
The following tracks were gathered in the morning as I ventured out onto the gravel driveway to observe evidence of the coyote/Basil interaction:
This grassy clump found along the coyote trail (running from the freshly mown lawn onto the gravel driveway) measures 8cm (length) x 5 cm (width). I love this track. It was still moist in the morning and I imagined it sticking to a coyote paw and then falling off mid-trail in his/her evening escapade.
Obviously, tracking in gravel was difficult. It was also very warm and buggy that day. Note the claw marks digging into the soil as the coyote literally leapt forward in the direction away from my dog. I noticed interesting pressure releases in the tracks that showed gravel deposits around the outsides of the track. After reading about pressure releases in Tom Brown’s Guide to Nature Observation and Tracking, I believe that the spray of gravel that left a hill on the top, left side of this photo indicates a turn as well as an accelerating movement. Once again, I was shown how much I don’t know about tracking. Tracking in gravel is hard, literally and figuratively. I did find some short white fur in the area where I thought that the vole had been placed. Spruceline Farm (June 2014).
Coyote track in sand. Note the “X” shape in the negative space of the track. (Lockyer Pits in Orangeville, May 2014)
Coyote overstep walk. According to Mark Elbroch in “Mammal Tracks and Sign”, this is the typical walking gait for canines and it is often used when a coyote is exploring an area. (Lockyer Pits in Orangeville, May 2014)
Here are two photos, taken at one of my favourite winter tracking locations – the Guelph Lake Conservation Area. We followed this coyote trail along the edge of a fence line adjacent to a creek. I love the way he/she walked, sure-footed accross this log like a delicate coyote dance: